By Raymond P. Scheindlin
Most often used Arabic verbs are conjugated, one verb to a web page. A focused assessment of Arabic verb types for either starting and complex scholars.
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Additional resources for 201 Arabic Verbs (201 Verbs Series)
It seems pretty clear that the choice of [front] rather than [back] is at least partly dictated by Wiese’s theoretical preferences, rather than speciﬁc data. I hope to show that [back] works better. 40 WHOSE GERMAN? back vowels,24 but it has the virtue, unlike the latter, of being able to accomodate the [ç] in words like Köni[ç]. These, of course, derive in a “fully speciﬁed” theory from /g/. ) ﬁnal devoicing, tag on to the rule spelling out nonassimilated dorsal fricatives as [ç]. Unfortunately, Wiese never actually spells out the rule he suggests for “Standard” German g-Spirantization (unlike Hall 1992).
1 Organization of the chapter In this section I attempt a reasonably complete overview of the research to date on the relationship between [x] and [ç]. It will be seen that, independently of the actual theoretical framework, many of the same issues come up again and again, issues which I will also have to address in my take on this relationship. These include the status of loanwords, the phonological or morphological nature of the conditioning (especially as regards the suﬃx -chen), the naturalness of even clearly phonological environments for the alternation, and the directionality of the phonological rules proposed.
41). 1 below). 1 Lieber’s ﬂoating autosegment In a 1987 treatment principally devoted to a revision of earlier versions of the theory of Autosegmental Phonology, Lieber handles the [ç] of the suﬃx -chen in the context of her autosegmental approach to umlaut. In the course of her presentation, she appears to ascribe to earlier scholars (especially Kloeke) an analysis which, as far as I can see, is entirely new to her (though it is an analysis she is arguing against). Her rule, which purports to paraphrase those earlier scholars (on p.