By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dep. of Linguistics at Harvard collage, even though it represents an intensive revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were extra, and components that handle theoretical concerns that, at the very least in the mean time, have receded into the heritage, were passed over. Many colleagues and neighbors have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my knowing of lroquoian linguistics. firstly, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl aspect and their friendship in the course of my learn: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the overdue Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the overdue Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply get pleasure from being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and particularly I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for delivering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and cost hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The impact of my advisers and pals might be glaring through the paintings. I thank specifically Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Additional info for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
K-atirut- /I.? I'll pull FUT-IA-pull-PUNC koharha? k-ohar-ha? koha'r/l.? ··k-ohar-/l.? I'll attach it FUT-IA-attach-PUNC yoteweyawakhtha? yo-(a)tewey-awak-ht-ha? , all verbs and most native nouns, and to some uninflected particles. Other 54 CHAPTER 3 uninflected particles and most borrowed nouns that are not monosyllabic have final accent. k/l. ' Additional examples of particles and loanwords may be found in Bonvillain (1973, pp. 23940) and (1978), respectively. There is no systematic secondary accent in Mohawk, although the first syllable of a word that is longer than four or five syllables is sometimes more prominent than other unaccented syllables.
Yotih t\ lethail yoti-h t\ leht-hail 1Y They yell ZdpP-yell-HAB (172) yah teilutekhu· nfheil yah teil-yu-(a)t-khw-uni-hil 20 She does not eat P NEG-FA-SRF-food-makeHAB (173) d. yutekhu· nfheil yu-(a )t-khw-uni-hil She is eating FA-SRF-food-make-HAB (174) y-deletion C C I [ +IOW -cont 1 I [ -cons -back 1 ~ o y-deletion also applies to a y that is derived from underlying w by Dissimilation (152), which replaces w by y before rounded vowels. \? -y-ohar-/~ ? ohli . \? (y-deletion and accent rules).
7. 50 CHAPTER 2 Lounsbury (1953, p. , shR ~ sR where R indicates a resonant consonant. This rule does not apply in present-day Ontario Oneida. (A similar rule, which deletes both h and I between s and a following resonant consonant, is also described for Seneca: see Chafe, 1967, p. ). , wak- NI I, ZI I; yuk- FI I ) also do not allow ambiguity; see Lounsbury (1953. Table 6). 7 hrun- occurs in Mohawk; the corresponding Oneida form is hli\n-, which is denasalized by some speakers in word-initial position to (h)lan-.