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By Seyoum, Mulugeta

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Both do not occur in post-consonantal position. It seems that there is a restriction on the vowels that occur after y and w. The glide w is followed only by back and central vowels, while the glide y is followed by front and central vowels. 65. 4 Consonant phonemes and their allophones ‘cattle’ ‘paddle’ ‘dry’ ‘please’ yile⁄ ya⁄a⁄y yekke⁄ ‘land’ ‘you (sg)’ ‘equal’ If one phoneme is realized by two or more different phones, these phones are called allophones. The choice of an allophone is governed by phonological rules.

Words that start with a vowel underlyingly, have a initial glottal stop phonetically. /o⁄rxu⁄ ‘fish’ /ankogu⁄⁄s‹ ‘finger (hand)’ ba/a ‘eat’ (for cereals or solid matter) 33. 2 Near minimal pairs In principle, if two sounds bring change of meaning in a pair of otherwise identical words, they are considered to be separate phonemes. The main objective of the arrangements of the following examples is to demonstrate the phonological contrast between consonants that are related phonetically. Some of the word pair contrasts Chapter 2 16 are arranged based on the parameter of their voice difference.

DZ is a voiced palatal affricate. dZ is not attested word finally and no example is recorded with a geminate dZ. dZa⁄ e⁄ ‘throw’ /a⁄nko⁄dZa⁄Ve ‘arm pit’ dZi⁄gi ’sew’ 22. c‹’ is a palatal affricate ejective c‹’i⁄i c‹’ ‘cloud’ g´Âc‹’e⁄ ‘chin’ 23. y is a voiced palatal glide y´Xna⁄m ‘farm’ yika⁄y ‘not/none’ nayi ‘hyena’ /iyyi ‘person’ 24. k is a voiceless velar stop ku⁄bzu⁄ ‘fly’ /unkÈ⁄l ‘chest’ lo⁄okk ‘chat’ 25. g is a voiced velar stop gic‹c‹o⁄b ‘big’ m´nge⁄ ‘gourd’ c#’iiggi ‘pay’ la⁄g ‘friend’ 26.

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