Download A History of Mechanics by René Dugas PDF

By René Dugas

"A outstanding paintings so one can stay a record of the 1st rank for the historian of mechanics." — Louis de Broglie
In this masterful synthesis and summation of the technological know-how of mechanics, Rene Dugas, a number one pupil and educator on the famed Ecole Polytechnique in Paris, offers with the evolution of the rules of common mechanics chronologically from their earliest roots in antiquity during the center a while to the progressive advancements in relativistic mechanics, wave and quantum mechanics of the early twentieth century.
The current quantity is split into 5 elements: the 1st treats of the pioneers within the learn of mechanics, from its beginnings as much as and together with the 16th century; the second one part discusses the formation of classical mechanics, together with the vastly artistic and influential paintings of Galileo, Huygens and Newton. The 3rd half is dedicated to the eighteenth century, within which the association of mechanics unearths its climax within the achievements of Euler, d'Alembert and Lagrange. The fourth half is dedicated to classical mechanics after Lagrange. partially 5, the writer undertakes the relativistic revolutions in quantum and wave mechanics.
Writing with nice readability and sweep of imaginative and prescient, M. Dugas follows heavily the information of the good innovators and the texts in their writings. the result's an extremely actual and target account, specifically thorough in its debts of mechanics in antiquity and the center a while, and the real contributions of Jordanus of Nemore, Jean Buridan, Albert of Saxony, Nicole Oresme, Leonardo da Vinci, and lots of different key figures.
Erudite, accomplished, replete with penetrating insights, A History of Mechanics is an surprisingly skillful and wide-ranging research that belongs within the library of somebody attracted to the background of science.

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Finally, and this is the most telling objection to the proceeding analysis, Archimedes, together with those of his successors who tried to improve his proof, tacitly made the hypothesis that the product PL measures the effect of a weight P placed at a distance L from a horizontal axis. In fact, in the case of complete symmetry which is envisaged in Archimedes’ first postulate, equilibrium obtains whatever law of the form Pƒ(L)is taken as a measure of the effect of the weight P. 9 For the rest, the treatise On the Equilibrium of Planes is concerned with the determination of the centres of gravity of particular geometrical figures.

It is impossible to say why a body that has been set in motion in a vacuum should ever come to rest ; why, indeed, it should come to rest at one place rather than at another. As a consequence, it will either necessarily stay at rest or, if in motion, will move indefinitely unless some obstacle comes into collision with it. ” Aristotle’s ideas on gravitation and the figure of the Earth merit our attention, if only because of the influence which they have had on the development of the principles of mechanics.

It is impossible to say why a body that has been set in motion in a vacuum should ever come to rest ; why, indeed, it should come to rest at one place rather than at another. As a consequence, it will either necessarily stay at rest or, if in motion, will move indefinitely unless some obstacle comes into collision with it. ” Aristotle’s ideas on gravitation and the figure of the Earth merit our attention, if only because of the influence which they have had on the development of the principles of mechanics.

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