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By Harold. Spencer

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E . , e4, ~adoi3d), etc . 3. 1. SINGULAR Nom. Acc. Inst. Dat. Gen. Loc. Voc. 63 PLURAL The various relations expressed by the cases are supplemented by the use of postpositions, which are similar to English prepositions with the following differences : (a) The postpositions follow the noun which they `govern', that noun being usually in the genitive case ; as ;:~Jod upon a tree ; utzi Nohd, (in company) with them. (b) While these words belong in general to the class of invariables, yet some of them are declined wholly or partially.

Which is the more correct has an alternative, of the two forms; cf. v~jct~n, Lesson IX. The table on p. 40 and the note on p. 42 show that a few feminine nouns of relationship belonging to this declension follow the masculine type in the singular. ) bhavishyathala) Sign of the future : en) ;~ (constant for all verbs) SINGULAR I shall make thou wilt make 3 . m. he will make f. 1~ ~ she will make n. ~s~zi;c~t~ti 1 it will make PLURAL we shall make you will make they will make d-~dtj) they will make SYNTAX The Future Tense The future tense is used to express (i) futurity of action ~~4 ZJdJ~c'~+J he will come tomorrow ; (ii) habitual action, such as is represented by the present tense in English: teachers instruct the ignorant .

N¢, t~o3JO9JOZ~ ~J~J . 11. zNza~ ~stJN 2J~o~Je~' zNot3J cbo3J ~09J -an 9J. 12. N22~ 23c7J3o'V NJ `~pNJ. ~ ~~ raz~dJ e~~NJ L3J~ Q ~Jr~~7~ NJr"J~O~JNa ~J~e3~NJ ; 2f--'c~oj~l~ obi~03JNJt" ` (a) 0'S, VA E~c (b) Translate into Kanarese 1 . Let the teacher's wife love the girls. 2. O God, show favour upon the farmers in the villages of this country. 3 . The 1 But "ado 'be' has an alternative form in the present (Lesson XVII) . 3 'bring' have irregular forms in the imperative a, as ; plu. , ~) See Lesson XXV .

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