Download A Primal Perspective on the Philosophy of Religion by Arvind Sharma PDF

By Arvind Sharma

Philosophy of faith as a self-discipline first arose in Europe; its subject material has been profoundly inspired by way of the practices of eu Christianity. whereas japanese and Western religions to that end came upon a spot in those stories, one worldwide non secular culture, particularly, the primal culture, continues to be unrepresented in its discussions. This ebook examines the considerably assorted views provided via primal religions on nearly each topic mentioned within the philosophy of faith.

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8 24 Chapter I Monotheism One Supreme God Polytheism Major spirits (gods) Animism Countless spirits9 It is important to be aware of this because the philosophy of religion, no more or less than any other field of study, is not conducted in a historical vacuum. It is obvious, as Mbiti notes, that: This type of argument and interpretation places African religions at the bottom of the supposed line of religious evolution. It tells us that Judaism, Christianity and Islam are at the top, since they are monotheistic.

44 Chapter II In relation to monotheism and morality, the philosophy of religion confronts a paradox. The ground for it is laid by John Hick with the following observation: In this exposition we have subsumed the goodness of God under the love of God. But this does not avoid an important philosophical problem concerning the belief that God is good. Does that belief imply a moral standard external to God, in relation to which God can be said to be good? 52 He then spells out the paradox as follows: Either position involves difficulties.

He then goes on to say: The anthropocentric ontology is a complete unity or solidarity which nothing can break up or destroy. To destroy or remove one of these categories is to destroy the whole existence including the destruction of the Creator, which is impossible. One mode of existence presupposes all the others, and a balance must be maintained so that these modes neither drift too far apart from one The Concept of God: Monotheism 27 another nor get too close to one another. In addition to the five categories, there seems to be a force, power or energy permeating the whole universe.

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