By Stanford M. Lyman, Marvin B. Scott
This paintings presents a crystallization and particularization of a college of sociological considering variously known as "creative sociology," "existential sociology," "phenomenological sociology," "conflict theory," and "dramaturgical analysis." the result's a methodological synthesis of the "dual" visions of Erving Goffman and Harold Garfinkel.
This booklet equips the reader with a framework for delivering enough descriptions of these face-to-face encounters that make up daily life. This variation comprises essays no longer present in the 1st version, in addition to a brand new advent that locates it within the spectrum of latest theorizing.
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Additional info for A Sociology of the Absurd (2nd Edition)
I t i s held, fo r example, that Olympic swimmers, mathemati cians, jockeys, and virtuoso violinists must demonstrate considerable skill in childhood or not be considered potential "greats" in their respective fields . Among the many features of time tracks mention must be made of their degree of determinateness and indeterminateness. A jail sentence, a hitch in the army, and a college curriculum have high degrees of determinateness. Usually they are specified as having a particular temporal length, or the time-activity ratio is so evident that anyone can plan with a high degree of certainty on how long the activity will take or how long one must wait for the end .
Bodies usually invulnerable to feel and probe by strangers may be violated if the act is defined as physically safe, socially ir relevant, or emotionally neutral. Thus, female nurses may massage their male patients with mutual impunity, and striptease dancers may perform unclothed upon a raised stage out of reach of the audience. 28 However, all such contacts will tend to be defined as territorial encroachment when the claimants threaten obliteration, monopoly, or fundamental alteration of a territory.
And if actors have no particular wishes or goals in an episode, they may j ust muddle through it, piecing it together as they go, and, perhaps, not reflecting too much about it. The second line of thought that follows from Machiavelli's emphasis on appearances, engagements, and the interplay between human nature, the situation and fate, is "ethnomethodology" - the sociological approach associated with the work of Harold Garfinkel . 75 Ethnomethodology is a new - and for many, strange7 6 - approach to the analysis of social phe nomena.