By N. E. Collinge
* Examines how language works, accounting for its nature, its use, its research and its history
* entire indexes of issues and Technical phrases, and Names
* rigorously illustrated to give an explanation for key issues within the text
`This wealthy repository of data on all facets of language is a needs to for all libraries in larger schooling, faculties and bigger public libraries.' - Library Review
`Each article has an exceptional bibliography. moreover, there are entire indexes of subject matters and technical phrases and names. hugely advised for all collage and common public libraries.' - Choice
`This vital booklet is in lots of methods a state-of-the -art survey of present conceptions of, and ways to, language, with beneficiant references to extra targeted assets. every one bankruptcy has an exceptional bibliography.' - Language International
`A accomplished consultant ... with very thorough bibliographies ... Collinge's Encyclopedia is suggested to educational libraries.' - Reference Reviews
`The bibliographies are a useful reduction ... the editor is to be congratulated for having performed an exceptional activity ... there are nearly no parts of language and linguistics that don't get a glance in someplace, and there's strong signposting within the textual content itself.' - Nigel Vincent, instances better schooling complement
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Extra resources for An Encyclopedia of Language (Routledge Reference)
Here there is no suffix to signal the past tense; this is in fact signalled by the vowel change (ABLAUT, to give it its traditional name). Thus in this case the vowel change is not an alternation in the sense we are dealing with here. The /s/~/z/ alternation recurs in the pronunciation of the possessive ending (cat’s/kæts/ v. dog’s/dɒgz/), in the third person singular ending in the present of verbs (looks/lʊks/ v. sees/si:z/), and in the contracted forms of is and has (it’s arrived /ɪts/ v. he’s arrived /hi:z/).
The word extraordinary, for example, has a whole range of pronunciations, ranging for most British English speakers from the hyper-careful [ˈekstrəˈʔɔ:dɪnərɪ] through the fairly careful  to the very colloquial [ˈstrɔ:nrɪ]. O’Connor (1973; 152–75) gives a clear account of the range of vowel sounds which may represent particular systematic vowel units in different varieties of English. A thorough but readable account of the differences between the systems underlying different varieties is given by Wells (1982).
1 below). For the place of the syllable in phonology, see further Hyman (1975:188– 93), Lass (1984: chapter 10), Selkirk (1982). 3 The word The word is one of the points at which grammar and phonology meet. Grammatically, words can be regarded as the units which enter into syntactic constructions, and which are made up of morphemes (roots, prefixes and suffixes) combined according to the rules of inflectional and derivational morphology: for more details of these constructions see Chapter 3 below.