By Andrea Bieberstein
Concern approximately meals dangers is frequent. shoppers, despite the fact that, are stumbled on to vary when it comes to how they evaluation those hazards. probably the most well known findings during this regard is the diversities among men and women. Many reviews record that males are much less anxious approximately environmental and technological hazards than girls, that's additionally the case for meals dangers. while it really is criticized that those alterations are frequently exaggerated, similarities ignored, and systematic investigations are missing. Andrea Bieberstein supplies a finished evaluate of theoretical ways to threat conception and empirical paintings that has been carried out within the box of probability belief examine. in addition, she offers a scientific research of ways foodstuff hazards are developed for ladies and males by means of uncovering the meanings when it comes to institutions, emotions, and values that they connect to varied nutrition dangers. this enables a deeper realizing of the gender modifications in possibility conception by way of their relevance and meaning.
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Extra resources for An Investigation of Women’s and Men’s Perceptions and Meanings Associated with Food Risks
Additional sociological risk theories are the governmentality approach (Barry et al. 1996), approaches in system theory initiated by Luhmann (Japp, 1997; 2000) and reflexive modernization (Beck, 1992). Table 1 gives an overview over the main approaches that are relevant in empirical risk research. 43 Table 1: Main Approaches in Empirical Risk Perception Research Core discipline Psychology Perspective Psychometric approach (cognitive psychology) Anthropology Objective Explaining why different risks are perceived differently; understanding the expert-lay gap Cultural Theory approach Explaining inter-group differences in risk perception Socio-psychological approach Explaining individual differences in risk evaluation in social contexts Current approaches Psychology (cognitive psychology) Sociology Socio-cultural approach Explaining individual risk perceptions in social contexts Source: Own illustration.
In a study about the assessment of 24 different ecological risks, the Schwartz value scale and the ‘New Environmental Paradigm’ were found to be influential predictors for people’s risk perceptions (Slimak and Dietz, 2006). , 2009; 2010). They found that more holistic views about the relation between people and the environment increase the likelihood of being negative rather than positive toward nanotechnology. 2 Religiosity and Spiritual Beliefs Regarding religiosity, results do not show a consistent pattern.
The majority of the studies that investigate this relationship focused on perceptions of biotechnology or gene technology. According to Urban and Hoban (1997), negative views about technology did explain high levels of risk perceptions with regard to biotechnology. This correlation has been confirmed in a study by Mohr et al. (2007) for the acceptance of genetic engineering. , 2002; Siegrist, 2003). For instance in the study by Bredahl (2001) that was conducted in Denmark, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, general technological attitude was predictive for respondents’ attitude towards genetic engineering in food as well as assessments of risks and benefits of genetically modified foods: Positive beliefs about technology were related to a more positive attitude towards genetically modified foods, a lower perception of their risks and a higher perception of their benefits.