By Heinrich Heimann
Angiography of the ocular fundus is a
standard exam strategy that are meant to be mastered by way of each ophthalmologist
treating posterior section diseases.
Outstanding images - concise text
- Description of the main proper sickness entities obvious
in day-by-day practice
- Double-page layout
- Excellent angiographic photodocumentation
- Combined with
significant reviews on pathogenesis, symptoms for angiography, extra
diagnostic examinations and choice making
- The most up-to-date classifications of early and overdue AMD
- Learn general angiographic methods
- Search for crucial angiographic patterns
- Interpret angiographies confidently
- Follow-up on contemporary AMD treatmentregimens together with intravitreal
injections of VEGF-antagonists
Up-to-date software and extra advancements
of typical techniques:
- Fluorescein angiography
- Indocyanine angiography
Use and obstacles of evolving techniques:
- Fundus autofluorescence
- Infrared reflectance imaging
- Wide-angle imaging
from the event of well known teachers in various specialities!
Read Online or Download Atlas of fundus angiography PDF
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Additional resources for Atlas of fundus angiography
Comparison between different instruments, however, is limited and the same technique should be used for follow-up in a single patient. Diagnostic Ultrasonography ¼ Diagnostic ultrasound is an important method for evaluating the integrity of the retina, particularly in opacified ocular media, for documenting and measuring intraocular tumors, and for evaluating orbital abnormalities. With regard to retinal imaging, the resolution of this technique is limited, and optical coherence tomography provides much more detail in comparison with ultrasonography.
Increased hyperfluorescence is visible nasal to the macula. The central and temporal part of the occult choroidal neovascularization still appears hypofluorescent (in this phase, homogeneous hyperfluorescence in the whole lesion would be expected in the case of a purely serous pigment epithelial detachment). d Late phase. The entire fibrovascular pigment epithelial detachment, up to the fovea, is identifiable with hyperfluorescence in the 5th minute. The irregularity of the border and the inhomogeneous hyperfluorescence are important signs of a fibrovascular pigment epithelial detachment.
Volume – Crystalloids (containing isotonic saline) – Adrenergic agents/bronchodilators: Epinephrine i. m. or s. c. 1 mg/ml) In addition: – Colloids (hetastarch) – Vasopressors ¼ Epinephrine i. v. 1 mg/ min titrated to clinical signs; if appropriate 1 mg) ¼ Norepinephrine i. v. (dosage as epinephrine) I. v. corticosteroids – Prednisolone 1000 mg In addition: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) – Start CPR if no sign of circulation for 10 s – Cardiac massage and rescue breathing (ratio 30 : 2), frequency of chest compressions 100/min I.