By Gifford Weary, Melinda A. Stanley, John H. Harvey (auth.)
This booklet in the beginning was once conceived in 1986 through Weary and Harvey as a revi sion and replace in their 1981 views on Attributional approaches (pub lished by means of Wm. C. Brown," Dubuque, Iowa). even though: toe broad nature of modern paintings on attributional tactics and the chance to collabo cost with Melinda Stanley as a coauthor ended in a plan to increase a extra finished paintings than the 1981 booklet. It certainly is an amalgam of our pursuits in social and medical psychology. It represents our dedication to simple theoretical and empirical inquiry combined with the purposes of principles and techniques to figuring out attribution in additional naturalistic set tings, and because it unfolds within the lives of other types of humans dealing with varied difficulties of residing. The booklet represents a dedication additionally to the breadth of method of attribution questions epitomized through Fritz Heider's uniquely inventive brain and paintings in pioneering the world. To us, the attribu tional technique isn't really a sacrosanct university of proposal at the human condi tion. it's, relatively, a physique of rules and findings that we discover to be hugely precious in our paintings as social (JH and GW) and medical (GW and MS) psychology students. it's an inviting procedure that, as we will describe within the ebook, brings jointly rules and paintings from diverse fields in psychology-all fascinated with the pervasive and inestimab1e value of interpretive job in human adventure and behavior.
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Additional resources for Attribution
Ts showed that the actors attributed less responsibility to themselves the more negative the effect on the other person. The authors argued that these results reflected actors' need to maintain self-esteem in light of a potentially culpable personal act. It also was found that the more negative the effect, the more responsibility the observers attributed to the actor. Presumably, according to Harvey et al. (1975), observers feel a greater need to control the actor's behavior the more negative it is, and they use their attributions toward attainment of this goal.
For example, Weary (Weary, 1979; Weary Bradley, 1978) has contendec,l that individuals may ascribe causality for positive arid negative outcomes associated with their behaviors in such a way that would avoid ,embarrassment and/or gain public approval. , Arkin, Appelman, & Burger, 1980; Riess, Rosenfeld, Melburg, & Tedeschi, 1981). If public awareness or potential discovery of misrepresentation affects attributors' communicated causal judgments, it presumably is because of their desire to create a favorable impression on others.
Approximately a decade ago, Weary argued that an important future task for researchers would seem to be uncovering ". . how and under 42 2. Theoretical Qualifications and Extensions what conditions self-serving motivations influence attributions of causality" (Weary, 1979, p. 1419). ,the boundary conditions) of self-serving biases; they have been less focused in their attempts to elucidate the "how" or the precise process by which motivation influences the causal inference process. s can be expected to be a major and profitable direction of future research on motivational distortions in attributional processes.