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By Michael Kühler, Nadja Jelinek

This quantity addresses the advanced interaction among the stipulations of an agent's own autonomy and the structure of her self in gentle of 2 influential history assumptions: a libertarian thesis in line with which it truly is crucial for private autonomy in an effort to decide upon freely how one's self is formed, at the one hand, and a line of suggestion following particularly the seminal paintings of Harry Frankfurt Read more...


This quantity addresses the complicated interaction among the stipulations of an agent's own autonomy and the structure of itself. It contains an instructive disagreement among subjective and Read more...

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To verify this claim, let us look first at restrictions resulting exclusively from the fact that alternatives which are actually open are unknown in general or unreflected. Consider the case of a man in a restaurant ordering a dish chosen from an incomplete list. If he had known of the unlisted options, he might have or would have chosen another dish. Regarding freedom of will, his choice is unfree, as the relevant processes of forming the will are restricted harmfully by his ignorance. Regarding freedom of action, we may be inclined to call this man free.

I. , Bd. V, 30, A. , and for a critique of relevant recent positions, G. Watson (2004), 93ff. 14 G. 24 Most people will also accept these goals as “natural” and “essential” objects of their personal will, at least under normal conditions. Moreover, it seems advisable in principle (as well as wise in the Stoic sense) not to disjoin personally from the insuperable limitations of man’s biological nature. Nevertheless, this move is possible and quite common. 26 Similar observations apply to the claim that human beings are bound unalterably to the pursuit of happiness or a striving for pleasure.

If intentional actions 8 D. Widerker (2006). For a succinct critique of the Origen-Molina-Frankfurt argument, see G. Seebaß (2006), 217, 364. Widerker’s argument is more sophisticated in some respects. But both of his new scenarios (“Z-Persons” and “Brain-Malfunction-W”, cf. ) depend on tacit premises which will lead, spelled out completely, straight into the dilemma either to deny that the person in question is free or to acknowledge the existence of open alternatives, contrary to what was intended.

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