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By Kenneth M. Sayre

Contesting a lot modern epistemology and cognitive technological know-how, famous thinker Kenneth M. Sayre argues that, whereas a few cognitive attitudes equivalent to believing take propositions as items, there are lots of others (knowing, hoping, fearing, etc.) whose items are as an alternative states of affairs. for this reason, wisdom can't be trust with different elements akin to justification further, nor can desire and worry be kinfolk a topic bears to neuronal mind states functioning as propositional representations. To aid those claims Sayre undertakes an in depth exploration of trust and data and lines the family of cognitive attitudes to a community of similar ideas like simple task, fact, illustration, and intentionality. His findings not just problem present orthodoxy yet open new paths of analysis in epistemology and cognitive technology.

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There is no such thing as a true or false noticing. For noticing is not an attitude toward a propositional object and, hence, not an attitude to be characterized in terms of truth-values. Similarly, when C arrives at the beach and finds that the sun is shining, what she finds is not a proposition, but an actual SOA. And since SOAs do not admit evaluation in terms of correctness or incorrectness, it is unintelligible to describe her finding as either true or false. She indeed might claim to have found an SOA that (contrary to her claim) is not the case, but this results in a false claim only and not in a finding that in fact is false.

And there is nothing amiss in stating this directly. But now consider the case in which the sky is still sunny, but N predicts that it soon will turn cloudy. " If the part of N's remark beginning with "that" indicates a proposition, it should be both intelligible and true to say that N predicts a proposition. ), however, talk of predicting propositions is plainly unintelligible. ) are eventualities that might come to pass, and it makes sense to talk of predicting such occurrences. But a proposition is not an eventuality.

Cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. : alk.  Knowledge, Theory of.  Belief and doubt. 6dc21 97-14921 CIP ISBN 0-8476-8472-5 (cloth: alk. : alk. 48-1984. Page vii CONTENTS Preface xi Part I: Belief and Its Conceptual Environment 1. 6 Cognitive Attitudes Defined 2. 5 Belief in Other Than Propositional Form 3. 8 The Ontological Status of Proposition-Types 4. 7 Other Senses of Truth Part II: The Precincts of Knowledge 5. 5 Knowledge of Sorts Other Than Cognitive 6. 6 Representations and States of Affairs 7.

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