By D. Herzog
Tracing sexual violence in Europes 20th century from the Armenian genocide to Auschwitz and Algeria to Bosnia, this pathbreaking quantity expands army heritage to incorporate the world of sexuality. studying either tales of consensual romance and of intimate brutality, it additionally contributes major new insights to the background of sexuality.
Read Online or Download Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe's Twentieth Century (Genders and Sexualities in History) PDF
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Extra resources for Brutality and Desire: War and Sexuality in Europe's Twentieth Century (Genders and Sexualities in History)
100 Sexual violence during the Armenian genocide was probably primarily a gender-speciﬁc way of degrading and killing, and to the extent 30 Sexual Violence during Armenian Genocide that such abuse was directly and explicitly sanctioned from local or toplevel CUP leadership, it would most likely be for reasons of securing popular male participation in the extermination process. The constantly repeated rituals of violence would have helped to create bonds between the CUP and the general population that they were trying to mobilize.
Graves, at the Intelligence Department of the British War Ofﬁce, stated regarding the Armenian genocide that ‘[m]aking all allowance for exaggeration there can be no doubt that there has been a carnival of murder and rape in many parts of the interior . . , the license to kill, plunder, and rape, loyalty to the CUP dictatorship and its genocidal scheme was expected. 58 And most of them did. 59 It is clear that in addition to starvation, diseases, beatings, and general exhaustion, Armenian females were subjected to a deliberate pattern of constant, systematic sexual abuse and humiliations for weeks, sometimes months.
Matthias Bjørnlund 27 Some of the exiles who had money left, bought some clothes. But there were still some left, who came in that naked state up to the city of Haleb [Aleppo, MB]. The poor women could not walk for shame, they were all bent forward. In this naked state they had found some ways to keep the little money they had. Some kept it in their hair, some in their mouths and some in their wombs. 79 Amidst the horrors and the humiliations, this shows that even though deportees were fair game, and escape or actual physical resistance was rarely possible, some still managed to be resourceful by hiding money in order to be able to buy means of survival for their children or themselves.