By Trudy Griffin-Pierce
This e-book finds the conflicting meanings of energy held via the government and the Chiricahua Apaches all through their heritage of interplay. while Geronimo and Naiche, son of Cochise, surrendered in 1886, their wartime exploits got here to an finish, yet their actual conflict for survival was once purely starting. all through their captivity in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma, Naiche saved alive Chiricahua religious energy through embodying it in his attractive conceal work of the Girl’s Puberty Ceremony—a ritual on the very center of tribal cultural existence and religious strength.
This narrative is a tribute to the Chiricahua humans, who live to tell the tale this present day, regardless of army efforts to annihilate them, govt efforts to subjugate them, and social efforts to spoil their language and tradition. even supposing federal coverage makers dropped at undergo all of the energy at their command, they didn't eliminate Chiricahua spirit and id nor to persuade them that their decrease prestige used to be simply a part of the normal social order. Naiche, in addition to many different Chiricahuas, believed in one other form of energy. even if now not identified to have strength of his personal within the Apache feel, Naiche’s work express that he believed in an essential resource of religious energy. In a truly actual feel, his work have been visible prayers for the continuation of the Chiricahua humans. obtainable to members for lots of reasons, strength helped the Chiricahuas live to tell the tale all through their history.
In this ebook, Griffin-Pierce explores Naiche’s paintings in the course of the lens of present anthropological thought on energy, hegemony, resistance, and subordination. As she retraces the Chiricahua odyssey in the course of 27 years of incarceration and exile via vacationing their internment websites, she finds how the ability was once with them all through their darkish interval. because it was once while the Chiricahua warriors and their households struggled to stick alive, energy continues to be the centering concentration for modern Chiricahua Apaches. even if by no means allowed to come back to their loved place of birth, not just are the Chiricahua Apaches surviving this day, they're conserving their traditions alive and their tradition robust and very important.
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Additional info for Chiricahua Apache Enduring Power: Naiche's Puberty Ceremony Paintings
After their territory had been invaded by Anglo-Americans, one Chiricahua characterized the demands of leadership among his people: “Ability in war and wisdom make the leader. It’s easier to get to the front if you are a good ¤ghter. . The leader is not chosen, he is just recognized” (Opler 1996:466). Although he exercised in®uence, he had no coercive power and no way to enforce an unpopular decision. Those who disagreed with his policies were free to move elsewhere and join another local group, for no one had a lifelong commitment to living with the same local group.
The resignation and misery of surrender, along with the fear of anticipated execution, must have been crushing as the Chiricahuas climbed into the wagons in the simmering September heat with little idea of what lay ahead. One of the surprising features of Fort Bowie is its size. The remains of the ¤rst Fort Bowie are quite small, but the ruins of the second one stretch out extensively across the valley. Laid out with corrals and stables on the north and the commanding of¤cers’ quarters on the south, Fort Bowie features a large parade ground, where a ®ag snaps and clanks against a tall ®agpole in the desert breeze.
After Apacheans acquired the horse from the Spaniards, they served as a conduit for this valuable resource, introducing horses to the Plains tribes. Mescalero medicine man Bernard Second told historian Eve Ball that the Cheyennes honored the Apaches in song for giving them the horse. ” According to linguistic evidence, the Kiowa-Apache were the ¤rst to divide from the main group as they moved eastward onto the southern Plains, into present-day Oklahoma. The Western Apache moved into the central mountains of what is now Arizona, while the Navajo expanded westward and southward from the Four Corners region.