By Linda D. Molm
This booklet describes the development and result of a decade-long scan on strength in social alternate family. alternate theorists have regularly excluded punishment and coercion from their analyses; yet Molm examines no matter if trade conception may be elevated to incorporate present and coercive energy. She develops and exams a conception that emphasizes the interdependence of gift and coercive strength, discovering that they're essentially diversified, not just of their results on habit, but in addition within the incentive and the dangers of strength use.
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Extra info for Coercive Power in Social Exchange (Studies in Rationality and Social Change)
There are several important implications of this conception of power. First, power is an attribute of a relation, not an actor, derived from an actor's control over resources that are valued by another actor. " A may have power over B, but not over C. Second, power is a potential, inherent in the structure of mutual dependencies created by the differential access that actors have to others who control resources they value. The definition of power as a potential is essential to a structural theory of power; only by defining power as a potential can it be treated as an attribute of an actor's position in a structure of dependence relations.
The process of exchange Whereas the structure of exchange describes the patterns of relations among actors, the process of exchange describes how interaction takes place within that structure. Exchange opportunities (which may be defined by particular times, settings, or events) provide actors with the occasion to initiate an exchange. For example, a neighbor who is going out of town provides the opportunity to initiate an exchange by offering to care for the neighbor's house (with the hope, no doubt, that the neighbor will reciprocate in the future).
Because this research studies exchange within a single domain, no assumptions about actors' preference orderings across domains must be made. Instead, it is necessary to assume only that actors value outcomes within the domain of interest, so that they will be affected by manipulations of value within that domain. Procedures for meeting that assumption are discussed in Chapter 4. With actors, resources, and value defined, we can state four assumptions about the behavior of actors in exchange relations (Emerson 1972a): (1) actors initiate exchanges with other actors who control resources they value; (2) those initiations that produce greater value increase in frequency while those that produce lesser value decline; (3) decreases in the value of a formed relation produce behavioral change; and (4) if the value obtained from a relation declines to zero, the relation will eventually end.