By Zygmunt Bauman
'Community' is a kind of phrases that feels reliable: it's strong 'to have a community', 'to be in a community'. And 'community' feels strong end result of the meanings which the be aware conveys, them all promising pleasures, and as a rule the type of pleasures which we wish to adventure yet appear to omit.
'Community' conveys just like a hot and comfy position, like a hearth at which we hot our palms on a frosty day. in the market, on the street, all kinds of hazards lie in ambush; in right here, in the neighborhood, we will be able to sit back and believe secure. 'Community' stands for the type of international which we lengthy to inhabit yet which isn't, unfortunately, on hand to us. this present day 'community' is one other identify for paradise misplaced - yet for a paradise which we nonetheless desire to discover, as we feverishly look for the roads which could lead us there.
yet there's a fee to be paid for the privilege of being in a group. neighborhood gives you protection yet turns out to deprive us of freedom, of definitely the right to be ourselves. protection and freedom are both worthy and coveted values which may be balanced to some extent, yet not often absolutely reconciled. the strain among safeguard and freedom, and among neighborhood and individuality, is not going ever to be resolved. we won't get away the predicament yet we will be able to take inventory of the possibilities and the risks, and a minimum of attempt to stay away from repeating prior mistakes.
during this very important new e-book, Zygmunt Bauman takes inventory of those possibilities and hazards and, in his precise and magnificent model, deals a much-needed reappraisal of an idea that has turn into relevant to present debates in regards to the nature and way forward for our societies.
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Extra resources for Community: Seeking Safety in an Insecure World
It would be more a ccurate to refer to nature as much more than a merely geographical world. The earth was formed within a developing solar system, and terrestrial physical, chemical, and biological processes are influenced by processes in that wider solar system. There are, for example, gravitational effects on geomorphology, radiation effects on 39 40 Nature : Conditions a n d C onstraints global climate, and extra-terrestrial origins for many chemicals and, per haps, even for life itself. Human activity is no longer confined to the earth: technological devices are sent to other planets, humans travel in space and visit the moon, and the possibility of extra-terrestrial settlement and expansion is becoming a reality (Dickens and Ormerod 2007) .
Each individual's memories are part of a pool of shared memories, and what each is able to recall is reconstructed, in part, from the sugge sti ons of others (ibid. : 238) . What any one individual remembers of the past is a product of their shared social experience. Recent experiences resulting from continued interaction with others who experienced those same events form clearer and more coherent memories because they can more easily be reconstructed. Through conversations a shared account of the recent past is constructed and affirmed.
Cultures, then, exist as complex hierarchies of levels. They are dispersed systems of differentiated and interpenetrating bodies of know ledge, customs, and traditions. No one level can be regarded as funda mental or as providing the base point from which others can be seen as ' sub-' or 'supra-' . Such terms make sense only in very concrete contexts, and what is subcultural in one context may be supracultural in another. A working-class culture, for example, may be considered as a subcul ture of an overarching national culture, but also as a parental culture for various adolescent and delinquent subcultures.