By Abdoulaye Gamatié
This e-book describes the tendencies, demanding situations and ideas in computing use for clinical study and improvement inside of diversified domain names in Africa, corresponding to well-being, agriculture, surroundings, economic climate, power, schooling and engineering. the advantages anticipated are mentioned via a couple of well-known, domain-specific specialists, with a standard topic being computing as resolution enabler. This e-book is the 1st record delivering one of these consultant up to date view in this subject on the continent level.
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Extra info for Computing in Research and Development in Africa: Benefits, Trends, Challenges and Solutions
The main reason is related to the nature of the data which are often voluminous, distributed, heterogeneous, and confidential. Furthermore, another major constraint is related to the increasing evolution of data due to hydro-climatic hazards, desertification, and permanent changes in the socioeconomic layout of the region. These problems should benefit from the latest achievements in the field of computer science research to have appropriate answers. In order to allow data producers and data consumers to deal with the most relevant knowledge from these data, it is important to provide them efficient and adapted means for collection, organization, management, diffusion, and exploitation of these data.
Finally, the number of data records available in the web portal increases day in and day out. For instance, from December 2008 to September 2013, the amount of data records has varied from 163 to 416 millions. Hence, this huge amount of resources on primary data of biodiversity data keeps attracting more users to the GBIF portal and leads to an increase of more complex workload. 2 Use Cases of GBIF Data Use cases of biodiversity data are manifold, various, and involve a range of activities. A list of use cases of biodiversity data are available on the GBIF portal .
Niang Université de Tours, 3, Place Jean Jaurès, 41000 Blois CEDEX, France O. P. 967, Thiès, Senegal © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015 A. 1007/978-3-319-08239-4__3 41 42 M. Lo et al. Monetary Fund (IMF). In return, these funding require commitments from recipient countries, to apply the rules of standard management of public policies, that is, rigorous monitoring of various indicators and the rules of transparency in the use of these funds. Thus, it is important for these countries to have visibility on all programs that will result from these public policies, in order to ensure consistent monitoring and evaluation in due course.